Universal Basic Income is not yet fully actualized country-wide, but its main structure is specific and should never be changed or modified by a government, for obvious reasons, it should be unconditional and enough for someone to survive.
Andrew Yang is an 2020 Presidential Candidate, in his website he explains the mounting crisis and makes the case for implementing a universal basic income: $1,000 a month for every American adult, no strings attached. That’s a good example of UBI actualization, that is universal and works.
Politicians who name UBI something that is not actually UBI, like a subsidy that is not unconditional and enough to survive, or something the will be “only for the poor” are dangerous and should destroy the whole concept.
Modified versions of UBI are usually promoted by populist governments, these are actually not UBI and their results could even be the opposite of what a UBI is supposed to do, these should not be referred to as “UBI” in any case.
We should not allow any core modifications to the Universal Basic Income, as that would bring different results than a true UBI would, sabotaging that way an idea that never got in use in the first placing.
The definition of UBI is simple and unchangeable:
“A basic income, also called basic income guarantee, universal basic income (UBI), basic living stipend (BLS), or universal demogrant, is a type of program in which citizens (or permanent residents) of a country, or any other region, may receive a regular sum of money from a source such as the government.
A pure or unconditional basic income has no means test, but unlike Social Security in the United States it is distributed automatically to all citizens without a requirement to notify changes in the citizen’s financial status. Basic income can be implemented nationally, regionally or locally.
An unconditional income that is sufficient to meet a person’s basic needs (at or above the poverty line), is called full basic income, while if it is less than that amount, it is called partial.”, according to Wikipedia.